Cannabis Oil 101: CBD Oil vs THC Oil

Get to know your oils. Learn the difference between CBD oil vs THC oil vs Hemp Oil and more. We’re dropping the cannabis oil 101.

Cannabis Oil 101: CBD Oil vs THC Oil and More

As we see increased demand for CBD Oil at the shop, we thought we’d bring you the 101 on CBD vs THC oil for both their recreational and therapeutic benefits. 

Unlike joints which tend to be more popular for recreational use, cannabis oils are becoming more popular for their therapeutic benefits, in addition to recreation. The rise in popularity is for good reason.Cannabis oil is a great consumption method, especially for those interested in medicinal uses, or avoiding inhalation. 

Cannabis oil can feel intimidating when you’re just getting started, so we’re going to break it down for you. If after reading this, you still have more questions, you can always ask one of our Budtenders.

Cannabis Oil

What exactly are Cannabis Oils?

Cannabis oils are concentrates made by extracting cannabinoids from cannabis plants. Most oils you’ll find in the market are made with a process called “chemical extraction”. 

In the chemical extraction process, a solvent is used to extract cannabinoid and terpenes from the plant. All that goodness is added to a carrier oil like MCT oil or hemp oil to create the final product.

There are a lot of ways to extract cannabis oil from the plant. C02 extraction is now the industry standard because it doesn’t leave behind any toxic residues that other solvents can.

Cannabis oils can contain the same 140+ cannabinoids as the plant. The final product depends on the plant strain. Every plant is different, with unique cannabinoid and terpene profiles. The cannabis plant’s profile will determine what type of effects you’ll experience.

Are cannabis oils, extracts, and concentrates the same thing?

Cannabis oil, concentrate and extract are closely related terms. While you may have heard them used interchangeably, there are subtle differences.

Let’s start with some plant anatomy. Cannabinoids and terpenes are found in the trichome glands of cannabis plants. This is the sticky resin on the flower itself.  When you harvest the plant and dry the flower, the trichomes dry with it. That’s why when you smoke the dried weed, you feel the effects.

Cannabis Plant

Concentrates can be extracted manually or mechanically. A simple example of manual extraction is the kief that accumulates in the bottom chamber of a grinder. Kief refers to the resin itself, the sticky oils that contain a high concentration of the cannabinoids and terps. 

Extracts are a specific type of concentrate made with a solvent.  Think of other cooking extracts you know – vanilla, almond, lemon, etc.  Alcohol is used as a solvent to pull out the flavor. Alcohol can be used to create cannabis extracts. So can butane, as in butane hash. As mentioned, the more popular solvent is C02.

Cannabis oils are made by adding extracts or concentrates to a carrier oil, like MCT oil or hemp oil.

 

WHY CHOOSE CANNABIS OILS?

There are a lot of ways to smoke cannabis – pipes, bongs, joints, blunts, vaporizers, etc. So why choose oils?

  • Cannabis oils are efficient. They’re potent, so you don’t have to consume as much.
  • If you don’t want to smoke, you don’t have to. There are a lot of different ways to consume oils, which we’ve listed out below.
  • Extracts are refined. With C02 extraction, you get a clean, smooth, pure product. For the best experience, choose high quality and pure cannabis oils. We curate all our vape cartridges and concentrates, so you know you’re getting quality, local, and sustainably-sourced whenever possible.

If you’re new to oils and concentrates, we recommend starting with oils. Vape pens are a good entry point, because they allow you to control your dose. Concentrates like hash are more suited to seasoned cannabis users.

 

What’s the Difference Between CBD Oil vs THC Oil?

When shopping for cannabis, knowing the difference between CBD and THC makes choosing your strain a lot easier. While people used to think that sativa and indica strains influenced the high, we now know that it’s more about their chemical properties than the plant species.

Cannabinoids are the active chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant.  They’re what give weed its effects. THC and CBD are the most famous. You can learn more about them here.

The same principles apply when shopping for cannabis oils. 

THC is the most popular cannabinoid.  It’s the cannabinoid famous for a cerebral high. That’s why cannabis oils higher in THC tend to be used more recreationally than therapeutically.

When THC binds with your CB1 receptors, it can cause:

  • A dopamine release that causes feelings of relaxation and happiness
  • A physical response, like increase in appetite
  • A cerebral response, with varied effects on memory, focus, mood, or movement – depending on what region of the brain is stimulated.

The other popular cannabinoid is CBD. More and more people are discovering CBD oil as an effective way to handle stress and reduce anxiety. Between 2020 and 2027, CBD products are forecasted to rise by 31.9%. Blame it on pandemic stress or politics, but the demand for CBD products has never been higher.

CBD won’t get you stoned.  It does have a number of other reported benefits, including anxiety reduction, anti-inflammatory capabilities, and more. Now that cannabis is legal in a lot of North America, the floodgates on research have opened up. We expect to see a ton of development in CBD research in the coming years.

Does CBD cancel THC?

CBD doesn’t totally cancel THC, but it can lessen its impact. If you’ve consumed too much THC, taking a CBD oil may help.  We go into more detail about that here.

What’s better for pain, CBD or THC?

There’s no clear answer. Both CBD and THC have medicinal properties. CBD tends to be more popular because it doesn’t get you stoned. However, when applied topically on the skin, neither does THC. Both are being investigated to treat pain.

Research does show that on their own, neither THC or CBD are very effective. The most effective pain management seems to be a combination of the two. They activate each other. 

It could be that CBD has the anti-inflammatory properties, while THC helps us better cope with pain. Researchers continue to investigate.

Does CBD or THC help with nausea?

CBD plays a role in reducing nausea, but researchers have found that THC is actually more responsible for reducing nausea and vomiting. Both work together.

 

HOW DO YOU TAKE CANNABIS OILS?

There are a lot of different ways to consume cannabis oils. Vapes are a great place to start, but there are other methods worth discussing.

 

Tinctures

What’s a cannabis tincture? A cannabis-infused extract

How to take it: Sublingually (under the tongue )

Onset time: About 20-30 mins

How will it make me feel? It depends if it’s THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC creates the cerebral high, CBD produces no high but has various therapeutic benefits

 

Topicals

What’s a cannabis topical? Cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils that are absorbed through the skin

How to take it: Apply to your skin

Onset time: About 25-45 minutes

How will it make me feel?  Topicals are used for the localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. They don’t get you high. 

 

Capsules

What’s a cannabis capsule? A soft gel capsule that contains cannabis extract

How to take it: Ingest orally, like you would a vitamin

Onset time: Up to 2 hours, we suggest starting low and slow (5 mg)

How will it make me feel?  It depends if it’s THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC creates the cerebral high, CBD produces no high but has many therapeutic benefits

 

Edibles

What’s a cannabis edible? Chocolates, gummies, drinks, brownies, cookies or other treats made with cannabis oils

How to take it: Ingest orally

Onset time: 30 minutes to 2 hours

How will it make me feel?  It depends if it’s THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC creates the cerebral high, CBD produces no high but has many therapeutic benefits.

Cannabis Vape Pen

Vaporizers

What’s a vaporizer? A vaporizer or vape pen is an alternative to joints, blunts, pipes, and spliffs. Rather than an open flame, it uses an electronic heat source to slowly heat your weed.

This lower burn point allows you to consume your cannabis in vapor format, instead of smoke. Vaporizing is one of the fastest ways to get cannabinoids into your bloodstream and brain. For medicinal users, this can be useful when treating anxiety, pain, or inflammation.

How to take it: Some vape pens have chambers for flower, others have chambers for concentrates. When choosing a vaporizer, make sure you’re choosing one that works with your desired method.

The VSSL works with concentrates, and it’s one of our favourite vape pens. Like other vape pens, it lets you control the dose. It’s convenient, stylish, and has a more discrete scent than joints or pipes.

You can also get disposable vape pens if you don’t want to deal with cartridges.

Onset time: Almost immediately

How will it make me feel?  It depends if it’s THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC creates the cerebral high, CBD produces no high but has various therapeutic benefits

 

Hash

What’s hash? A concentrate made from cannabis plant’s sticky trichome glands

How to take it: It can be vaporized, dabbed, or smoked

Onset time: Almost immediately

How will it make me feel?  It depends if it’s THC dominant or CBD dominant. THC creates the cerebral high. CBD produces no high but has various therapeutic benefits.  Because hash is made from the resin, it’s highly concentrated. That means it has more cannabinoids and terpenes. They’re potent and powerful, so not recommended for novices. Most hash products are high THC.

 

Shatter, Wax, Dababble Oils

What are shatter, wax, or dababble oils? All are forms of cannabis extracts. After the solvent extracts the cannabis compounds, the solvent is removed from the shatter oil using heat or vacuum. Based on how it’s then processed, you’ll either get shatter, wax, or dababble oils. Shatter is like an amber glass. Wax is more crumbly and sticky. And dabbable oils are more liquid. 

How to take it: They can be vaporized or dabbed

Onset time: Almost immediately, tend to be long-lasting

How will it make me feel?  These are potent THC-dominant cannabis oils. They’re not recommended for novices.

Cannabis Shatter

Are All Cannabis Oils the Same?

We’ve covered the different ways to consume cannabis oils. Now we’re going to take a step back and discuss the different types of oils. 

Cannabis Oil vs Marijuana Oil 

Before we get into specifics, let’s address one of the most basic questions. What’s the difference between cannabis oil vs marijuana oil?

In short, there’s no difference. Cannabis oil is marijuana oil. Marijuana oil is cannabis oil.

Marijuana is often used to describe strains higher in THC. But that’s not a hard rule. In the 60s and 70s, the Reagan administration’s War on Drugs gave “marijuana” a bad name. Mary Jane was considered the villain in their narrative.

That could be why we don’t hear the term as often any more. Weed, cannabis, bud, flower, skunk are all more widely used terms to describe the same thing. It depends on who you roll with.

 

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made with CBD-dominant cannabis strains. Depending on the ratio of CBD to THC, CBD oils can have little to no cerebral high. CBD oil may be used to treat anxiety, inflammation, or soreness

How do you take CBD oil?

You can take CBD oil in many different forms. Edibles, topicals, and vape pens are popular options. Vape pens are especially attractive to medicinal users because their impact is felt almost immediately.  Topicals are also attractive, especially for aches and pains.

How does CBD oil make you feel?

CBD oils can help ease anxiety, calm a pacing mind, help promote sleep, reduce inflammation, or treat pain. While we’re here to help, we also recommend speaking to your doctor if you plan to use cannabis medicinally.  There’s a lot of exciting research going on in this space.

Where do you get CBD oil?

You can get CBD oil at Dimes, or other legal dispensaries.

 

What is THC oil?

THC oil is made with THC-dominant cannabis strains. THC is the cannabinoid famous for the cerebral high. THC oils contain higher ratios of THC to CBD. The more THC, the higher you’ll get.

How do you take THC oil?

You can take THC oil in pretty much any of the consumption methods listed above – tinctures, vape pens, edibles, hash, concentrates, etc. 

How does THC oil make you feel?

Depending on the ratio of THC to CBD, THC can make you feel very high, or just a little buzzed. There are a variety of factors at play. It depends on the strain. If the strain is more balanced with CBD, the CBD will counter the impact of the THC. If the strain contains different types of terpenes, it could alter the high too.  

You’d pick your THC oil the same way you pick your flower. Look at the breakdown of THC, CBD, and terpenes. Or, let us do the thinking for you and shop by intent.

Where do you get THC oil?

You can get THC oil at Dimes, or other legal dispensaries.

 

What is hemp oil?

Hemp oil is oil made from the hemp seed. While THC-dominant cannabis strains can have 1-20% THC, hemp plants have less than 0.3% THC. Hemp won’t get you high, but it does have a lot of other benefits.

Hemp oil refers to hemp seed oil. The seeds are a byproduct of fiber hemp. Hemp plants are cultivated to produce fabric, rope, and more. The seeds are becoming more and more popular for their nutritional value.

The seeds of hemp plants can be eaten as “hemp hearts”, or cold pressed into an oil.

How do you take hemp oil?

Hemp oil is known for its great taste and nutritional value. You can have it in salad dressings, add it to smoothies, or cook with it. It’s rich in unsaturated fats Omega 3s and Omega 6. 

How does hemp oil make you feel?

Hemp oil causes no high whatsoever.  From a nutritional standpoint, Omegas are great for brain and heart health. Hemp is also high in protein, so it can be a great addition to a healthy diet. 

Where do you get hemp oil?

You can get hemp oil at any health food store, most grocery stores, and online. There’s no age limit because there’s no high.  Anyone can enjoy this superfood.

 

What is hash oil?

Hash oil is a concentrated cannabis extract. 

Hash oil contains the same chemical compounds as the rest of the cannabis plant and flower, but it’s way more potent. It contains up to 90 percent THC, so should be used with caution and experience.

How do you take hash oil?

It can be smoked, vaped, ingested, or applied topically. The use of hash oil is sometimes called “dabbing”.

How does hash oil make you feel?

Because hash is very THC-potent, users may experience an intense cerebral high. Hash is also known to cause longer-lasting effects.

Where do you get hash oil?

You can get hash at Dimes, or other legal dispensaries. If you’re a novice cannabis user, we do not recommend hash.

 

Is there a difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?

Both CBD oil and hemp oil come from the cannabis plant. CBD oil comes from the bud, leaves and stems. Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds. Neither typically cause a high, since THC levels are very low.

From a health perspective, CBD oil tends to be used for inflammation and soreness, while hemp oil tends to have nutritional and digestive benefits. Again, because they’re sisters from the same plant, they share a lot of similarities and health benefits.

Cannabis Pol

Key Takeaways

Cannabis oils are concentrates made from the cannabis plant. They contain the same cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids as their mother cannabis plants, but much higher concentrations. These are the chemical compounds that cause your physical and mental response.

CBD oils contain higher ratios of CBD, the cannabinoid known for its medicinal properties. CBD does not cause a cerebral high, and is often used for anxiety, inflammation, and other ailments. 

Topicals, capsules, vaping, and edibles are a great option for CBD users who are more interested in the medicinal and therapeutic benefits of CBD oils.

THC oils contain higher ratios of THC, the cannabinoid known for its cerebral high. Just like when choosing your bud, the ratio of THC to CBD, as well as the terpene profile, will influence the type of high you experience. 

The method you choose to consume oils will also impact your experience. 

Vaping creates an almost immediate effect, where edibles take about 30 minutes to set in.  With vaping, you can control the dose. Vape pens are a good option for novices and seasoned users alike. 

Hash and other concentrates like shatter, wax, or dabbables are only recommended for more experienced cannabis users.  They’re much more potent, tend to be THC-dominant, and have longer lasting effects.

 

Before You Partake

We’re here to help guide you in your cannabis experience, and we hope this article helps. If you’re new to cannabis oils, and have more questions, visit us in-store or send us an email. 

Some words of weed wisdom: 

  • Start low and slow. Cannabis oils are more potent than bud. If you’re getting into THC oils, always start low, then build to your tolerance.
  • Consider vaping. Many vaporizers allow you to control the dose. 
  • If you’re interested in CBD oils for treating medical conditions, talk to your doctor. We’re here to help, but we’re not medical professionals. With so much exciting research going on in the cannabis space, it’s a good time to spark the discussion.
  • Avoid hash or other concentrates unless you’re experienced. Same rule applies – don’t overdo it at first. Dabble with the dab before you dive in.

Have more questions about cannabis oils? 

Want to learn more about our selection of CBD oil vs THC oil? Curious about our suppliers?

Our team of Budtenders is here to help. Come by for a visit, PM us on Instagram, or call us at 416-516-7250.

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